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Recently Completed

I-64 Interchange at Route 15, Zion Crossroads

Construction of diverging diamond interchange (DDI)

Project at a Glance

Begin Date
June 2013

Est Completion Date
Opened to traffic Feb. 21, 2014; completed April 15, 2014

Recently Completed

$6.883 million design-build contract

Lengths and Limits
0.49 mile

Design: Parsons Corporation / Construction: Corman Construction Inc.



Office of Communications

VDOT completed construction on the Zion Crossroads DDI on April 15, 2014, finishing on time and under budget.

When driving the new DDI configuration, motorists will proceed through a traffic signal at the interchange and follow their lane to the opposite side of the roadway. Vehicles needing to access Interstate 64 will merge left using an on-ramp without having to stop or wait for oncoming traffic to pass. Through traffic proceeds to a second traffic signal and follows their lane back to the right side of the road.

Project Purpose

The purpose of this project was to improve the I-64 interchange on Route 15 at Zion Crossroads (exit 136).

In 2007, VDOT identified a need to increase the capacity of the I-64 off-ramps at the Route 15 interchange, which — combined with a forecasted increase of traffic due to the area’s commercial growth — prompted a study of potential interchange options. 

In addition to the diverging diamond interchange (DDI), VDOT analyzed the construction of a single-point urban interchange, improvements to the existing diamond interchange, and a no-build alternative. The clover-leaf interchange was not included based on the amount of land acquisition it would require. 

Overall, the diverging diamond interchange produced the best results based on current traffic volumes as well as those projected for 2035.

Design Details

With this project VDOT reconstructed the 0.49-mile stretch where Route 15 meets I-64 (exit 136) as a diverging diamond interchange (DDI). By shifting vehicles to the opposite side of the road, this innovative interchange design eliminates traditional left turns that cross over oncoming traffic. The DDI improves safety by reducing the number of spots where vehicles could collide and can handle more than 600 left-turn movements per hour, twice the capacity of a conventional interchange.

This is the first diverging diamond interchange in Virginia. Others in the works:

I-581 and Valley View interchange improvements, Roanoke

I-66 and Route 15 interchange reconstruction, Haymarket

Southgate Connector at Virginia Tech, Blacksburg

The diverging diamond interchange is new to the U.S. Though the design originally appeared in the 1970s in Versailles, France, America’s first DDI was built in 2009 in Springfield, Missouri. There are now approximately 30 DDIs in operation nationwide.


Flyer on DDI operation and background:
   8.5 by 11 inches, one-sided Adobe Acrobat PDF (142 KB)
   8.5 by 5.5 inches, two-sided, prints two per sheet Adobe Acrobat PDF (149 KB)
YouTube video simulation of proposed interchange design

Diagram of proposed interchange design Adobe Acrobat PDF (321 KB)


  • 2016 Outstanding Owner Award, Design-Build Institute of America, Mid-Atlantic Region
  • 2015 National Award of Merit, Design-Build Institute of America (awarded to Corman Construction Inc.)
  • 2015 Award of Merit, Design-Build Institute of America, Mid-Atlantic Region (awarded to Corman Construction Inc.)
  • 2014-2015 Engineering Excellence Honor Award, American Council of Engineering Companies of Metropolitan Washington
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Page last modified: Jan. 9, 2018